Date: Thu 27 Sept 2018
Source: Xinhua net [edited]
<http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2018-09/28/c_137497532.htm>

The Czech Republic confirmed on [Thu 27 Sept 2018] its 1st case of West Nile fever contracted domestically. It was first reported by local Nova television on [Thu 27 Sept 2018], and confirmed by later the same day by Czech deputy health minister Roman Prymula. The case was a 72 year old woman who also suffered from other serious chronic problems and died after contracting the virus in the Czech Republic.

Epidemiologists had already identified the virus in mosquitoes and horses in south Moravia in June [2018]. The 1st case occurred in early September [2018], when a Czech man returned from Greece in August [2018] was taken to the infection clinic of the Central Military Hospital (UVN) in Prague after suffering health troubles. The Health Ministry spokeswoman Gabriela Stepanyova said that this is a logical development of the situation due to climate conditions and the distribution of the incidence of the West Nile fever.

She said no case has been recorded in which West Nile virus has been transferred from one man to another. The relevant measures have been taken and the relevant authorities, such as the State Veterinary Administration, have been contacted. West Nile fever is a viral infection typically spread by mosquitoes. The incubation period ranges from 3 to 14 days. The infection can lead to serious complications including meningitis and encephalitis. Serious infection can endanger patients' lives.
Date: Tue 7 Aug 2018
Source: Radio Praha [edited]
<https://www.radio.cz/en/section/news/tick-borne-encephalitis-cases-in-south-moravia-triple>

The reported number of cases of tickborne encephalitis in South Moravia [Jihomoravska in Czech] has more than tripled. By the end of July [2018], 38 cases of the potentially fatal disease had been reported, up from roughly a dozen in the 2 previous summers. There is no cure for encephalitis, but only about one in 4 Czechs have themselves vaccinated against it.

The country has 5 times as many cases as in neighbouring Austria, where 90 per cent of the population takes this precaution.
==========================
[Tickborne encephalitis (TBE) virus is endemic in the Czech Republic, and cases there occur annually. A 2016 ProMED-mail post indicated that although Central and Eastern Europe countries are endemic for the European subtype of tickborne encephalitis (TBE) virus and cases occur yearly there, cases have declined significantly in Austria and remained low in Germany, Poland, and Slovakia, while remaining high in recent years in the Czech Republic (see Tick-borne encephalitis - Czech Republic (02): background http://promedmail.org/post/20160210.4009410).

WHO has stated that "Approximately 10 000-12 000 clinical cases of tick-borne encephalitis are reported each year, but this figure is believed to be significantly lower than the actual total. Immunization offers the most effective protection. Currently, there are 4 widely used vaccines of assured quality: FSME-Immun and Encepur, manufactured in Austria and Germany, respectively, and based on European strains of the virus; and TBE-Moscow and EnceVir, manufactured in the Russian Federation and based on Far-Eastern strains.

The 4 vaccines are considered to be safe and efficacious." (<http://www.who.int/immunization/topics/tick_encephalitis/en/>) Tickborne encephalitis is a virus infection caused by one of 3 tickborne encephalitis virus (TBEV) subtypes belonging to the _Flaviviridae_ family: Central European, Siberian, and Far Eastern (formerly known as Russian spring-summer encephalitis). It is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected ixodes ticks. - ProMED Mod.TY]

[HealthMap/ProMED map available at: South Moravian, Czechia: <http://healthmap.org/promed/p/57538>]
Date: Thu 16 Nov 2017
Source: Radio CZ [edited]
<http://www.radio.cz/en/section/news/hepatitis-epidemic-in-usti-nad-labem>

The health authorities are struggling to contain a hepatitis epidemic in Ustí nad Labem, north of Prague. Doctors report 30 new cases in the last 6 days alone. Altogether 276 people have contracted the infectious disease in different parts of the city. Of the 30 new cases, 17 are children. Vaccinations are underway in schools and the locals have been asked to take precautions when visiting crowded places, such as supermarkets and public transport. Doctors say it may take up to 2 months to contain the epidemic. [Byline: Daniela Lazarová]
=======================
[An outbreak like this is likely food or waterborne and implementation of a vaccine strongly suggests that hepatitis A is the cause. Ústí nad Labem is the 7th-most populous city of the Czech Republic. It is the capital of its eponymous region and district. Ústí is situated in a mountainous district at the confluence of the Bílina and Elbe rivers. It is a major industrial centre and, besides being an active river port, is an important railway junction.

The name of Ústí nad Labem is formed from the Old Czech ustie ("river mouth") and Labe (the River Elbe). It thus literally means "Mouth-upon-the-Elbe", in reference to its location at the Bilina's confluence with the Elbe. It is popularly known as Ústí for short. The Czech name was Latinized as Usk super Albium and Germanized as Aussig or Außig. Prior to Czechoslovak independence amid the dissolution of Austria-Hungary following the First World War, the town was usually known in English as Aussig, but sometimes also referred to as Aussyenad, Labem, or Oustí nad Labem.(<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%9Ast%C3%AD_nad_Labem>)  - ProMED Mod.LL]

[A HealthMap/ProMED-mail map can be accessed at: <http://healthmap.org/promed/p/38251>.]
Date: Thu 24 Aug 2017
Source: Czech Radio, Radio Praha [edited]
<http://www.radio.cz/en/section/news/thousands-of-hens-being-destroyed-following-salmonella-outbreak>

The Czech veterinary authorities have started destroying thousands of laying hens at a farm in Pohoaelice, southern Moravia, following a salmonella outbreak. As many as 35 000 of around 60 000 hens have so far been destroyed and the market chain Lidl has taken all egg deliveries from the farm off its shelves. People have been asked to return eggs already purchased at the market chain. This concerns eggs with an expiry date up to [11 Sep 2017]. The salmonella was detected due to health problems at a children's camp. [byline: Daniela Lazarová]
=======================
[The Czech Food Safety Information Center of the Ministry of Agriculture, Prague, has issued today [Thu 24 Aug 2017] a press release addressing the said issue: see, in Czech, at <http://www.bezpecnostpotravin.cz/svs-vydala-mimoradna-veterinarni-opatreni-kvuli-vyskytu-salmonely-v-chovu-nosnic.aspx>.

The official press release, as well as the Radio report above, does not disclose the salmonella serotype involved. This significant piece of information is herewith requested. Egg-sourced salmonellosis has recently been suspected also in Israel. The National TV station "Kan" transmitted on [20 Aug 2017] a news item citing the Center for Disease Control in the Ministry of Health, according to which the number of salmonella-infected humans had doubled in recent weeks, compared with the same period in 2016.

The Ministry reportedly suspected marketed table eggs as the source of infection. In response to media inquiry, the Ministry said that, together with the Ministry of Agriculture, it regularly monitors egg-related infections. "The eggs are to be bought only at known retail chains, which have a storage stamp on the refrigerator and an expiration date," the spokesman said.

No further targeted control measures, including recalls, have been reported as being applied, nor information on the current salmonella situation on the layers' farms. The media report (in Hebrew) is available at <http://www.kan.org.il/Item/?itemId=21807>. Official confirmation -- or otherwise -- of the above, in particular addressing the serotyping and genotyping of the causative agent in humans, in laying hens and in contaminated eggs, is requested. - ProMED Mod.AS]

[A HealthMap/ProMED-mail map can be accessed at: <http://healthmap.org/promed/p/29967>.]
Date: Wed, 4 Jan 2017 12:07:31 +0100

Prague, Jan 4, 2017 (AFP) - Czech authorities on Wednesday said they had detected highly-contagious bird flu at two small poultry farms and in dead swans in the first such cases in a decade.    "Bird flu was diagnosed in swans that died in southern Moravia and at family farms in Moravsky Krumlov and Ivancice," Agriculture Minister Marian Jurecka told reporters in Prague.   Zbynek Semerad, head of the Czech State Veterinary Administration, said tests were expected to fully confirm the H5N8 strain that has been detected in over a dozen European countries including Britain, France and Germany since October.

Media reports said 20 animals had already been killed in Ivancice while another 100 were slated for slaughter at the Moravsky Krumlov farm, both of which are in the south-eastern corner of this EU country.   Veterinarians are planning to cull all poultry stocks at neighbouring farms, Semerad added.   When the last highly-contagious case was found in 2007, vets had to cull more than 171,000 animals at large farms and more than 1,900 at family farms.   Nearby Hungary has had the highest number of outbreaks in the past three months, with at least 200 cases reported in farms and in wild birds.
More ...