An upsurge of cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis was observed in 2018 in the wilaya [administrative district] of Ghardaia, compared with previous years, reveals a report from the local direction of public health. Cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis, a parasitic zoonosis transmitted by the sandfly, numbered 444 in 2018 compared with 323 cases in 2017 and 383 cases in 2016.
The distribution of cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis corresponds broadly to the epidemiological situation of the past 5 years in the wilaya, always placing the region of Guerrara with 281 cases, followed by Ghardaia (55), Metlili (36) and Berriane (32), among the affected localities, the authorities say. This cutaneous-type pathology has been increasing in the wilaya, particularly in Guerrara, despite the establishment of a system for the control of epidemiological disease vectors and the construction of sanitation networks and other treatment plants in these areas.
The campaign against the infection has experienced several difficulties, including disturbances in the spraying of [insecticides] against the sandflies and disinfection of homes in several municipalities of the wilaya, the lack of environmental hygiene, and habitats for the animal reservoir in urban neighbourhoods. Many health facility officials, who have indicated that this zoonotic disease is a "heavy financial burden", also have indicated that leishmaniasis is likely to increase because of the deterioration of environmental health, living conditions and the environment, plus the anarchic urbanization that constitutes a "risk factor" in the wilaya.
[Both Libya and Tunisia are endemic for leishmaniasis, most frequently cutaneous leishmaniasis. In Libya, the main species are _Leishmania major_ and _Leishmania infantum_. In Tunisia, _L. infantum_, _L. major_ and _Leishmania tropica_ are found with a high endemicity in the northern part of the country. For more details and maps with the distribution of leishmania in the 2 countries, please refer to Alvar J et al. Leishmaniasis worldwide and global estimates of its incidence. PLoS One 2012;7(5):e35671 <https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0035671> -- S54 Libya and S91 Tunisia. - ProMED Mod.EP]
Algiers, Jan 26, 2019 (AFP) - Algeria's civil protection unit said Saturday five people died after being swept away by flood waters as a cold snap in the Maghreb brought snow to several of the country's regions. "All the victims have been retrieved over the last 48 hours after being swept away by waters in Annaba, El Tarf, Tizi Ouzou and Tipaza," the civil protection body said.
Salvage operations took place in more than 17 areas and around 100 people have been rescued in the last 24 hours. A total of 33 roads remain blocked in over 10 regions because of snow, the civil protection unit said, adding "snow clearing operations are progressing". Elsewhere in North Africa, neighbouring Tunisia's interior ministry said on Friday two people were killed by flooding and cold weather, after heavy snowfall.
Date: Wed, 5 Sep 2018 19:45:37 +0200
Toulouse, France, Sept 5, 2018 (AFP) - A sick eight-year-old triggered a cholera scare onboard a flight from the Algerian city of Oran to Perpignan in southern France on Wednesday. The child was among 147 passengers on the ASL Airlines flight who were kept on the plane for about an hour after it landed. They were eventually allowed off after disinfecting their hands. Local authorities in Perpignan later said that after being taken to hospital for medical tests, the child was found not to have cholera. Algeria, a former French colony, was last month hit by its first cholera outbreak in over two decades.
Two people have died and dozens more been infected since the outbreak began, the Algerian health ministry said in a statement at the weekend. French authorities kept contact details of all passengers on the flight in order to monitor their health in the event that a case of cholera was confirmed. Cholera is transmitted through infected faecal matter, often via contaminated water or food. It causes acute diarrhoea and vomiting, inducing dehydration that if left untreated can lead to death.
Date: Thu, 30 Aug 2018 19:19:57 +0200
Algiers, Aug 30, 2018 (AFP) - The cholera outbreak that struck Algeria this month is now confined to one of six areas originally affected and the number of hospital patients is falling, the government said Thursday. "The epidemic is now limited to the Blida" area located around 50 kilometres (30 miles) south of Algiers, the health ministry said in a statement. The outbreak in early August was Algeria's first for 22 years, hitting Algiers, Blida, Tipaza, Bouria, Medea and Ain Defla.
The number of people newly hospitalised with suspected cholera has fallen by 56 percent in the past three days and 61 percent of the approximately 200 patients hospitalised since the outbreak began have returned home. All patients admitted to El Kettar hospital in Algiers -- one of two hospitals nationally where suspected cases have been quarantined -- have been released, the ministry said.
Only Boufarik hospital, 20 kilometres south of the capital in Blida area, still hosts cholera patients. Between the start of the outbreak and 28 August, there have been 62 confirmed cases, including two deaths, the ministry said. Cholera is transmitted through infected faecal matter, often via contaminated water or food. It causes acute watery diarrhoea and vomiting, causing dehydration that if left untreated can lead to death.
The Ministry of Health said yesterday [29 Aug 2018] that 2 people have died of cholera in Algeria as 62 cases of disease have been identified since the start of August 2018. According to a ministry statement, 62 cases had been confirmed as of [Tue 28 Aug 2018] with another 173 suspected cases.
"All preventive measures have been taken with a view to pre-empting the spread of the disease," the statement read. Since cases of the disease first appeared in mid-August , the Algerian health authorities have been trying to determine its source. The Health Ministry had earlier attributed its appearance to contaminated water in Tipaza state, west of the capital. This was denied by local authorities. Cholera, which has not been seen in Algeria for more than 2 decades, is an infectious disease that causes severe diarrhoea. It is potentially fatal if the sufferer does not receive proper medical treatment.
[The number of cases of cholera, likely waterborne, in Algeria continues to increase. - ProMED Mod.LL]