Two cases of pertussis or whooping cough have been confirmed by the Department of Public Health [Guam]. The 2 cases were found in an 11 year old and a 2 month old.
Project manager Annette Aguon said, "So far with our case investigation they are not linked to each other, they have no recent travel history or no off-island visitors, and so that's what we are looking into, if there are someone else around the 2 month old as well as the 11 year old who had a persistent cough." [byline: Jolene Toves] ======================= [Guam (<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guam>) is an organized, unincorporated territory of the USA in the western Pacific Ocean. It is one of 5 US territories with an established civilian government. Guam is listed as one of 17 Non-Self-Governing Territories by the Special Committee on Decolonization of the United Nations. Guam is the largest and southernmost of the Mariana Islands. - ProMED Mod.LL]
[A HealthMap/ProMED-mail map showing Guam is available at
The Guam Department of Public Health and Social Services (DPHSS) recommends that travellers heading to Hawaii receive vaccinations for measles 2 weeks before departing. A press release issued today [14 Nov 2014] from DPHSS states that the Hawaii State Department of Public Health is reporting an outbreak of measles. As of 10 Nov 2014, the Hawaii health department has reported 11 cases of measles, according to the release. Five of the cases originated from Bali, Indonesia; the Philippines; and Los Angeles.
"With the upcoming holidays and due to frequent travel of residents between Guam and Hawaii, it is possible that the disease may be brought here," the release states. The DPHSS encourages parents to review their children's shot record to ensure they've received the MMR (measles, mumps, rubella) vaccine.
The release states that the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends: children should receive 2 doses of MMR vaccine, with the 1st dose given at one year of age or older and the 2nd dose given between 4 to 6 years of age. All persons born during or after 1957 should have documentation of at least one dose of MMR vaccine given on or after the 1st birthday. ======================== [A HealthMap for Guam can be accessed at
HAGATNA, Guam, Nov 05, 2014 (AFP) - Voters in the Pacific territory of Guam have backed legalising medical marijuana, despite opposition from governor Eddie Calvo, early results from a referendum showed Wednesday. About 56 percent of islanders were in favour of the move, according to preliminary results from the referendum held Tuesday to coincide with a scheduled gubernatorial election, which Calvo won in a landslide.
Senator Tina Muna Barnes, who put forward the proposal, said allowing medical marijuana was not a precursor to approving the drug for recreational use. "Guam is not ready for that," the Democrat, who serves in the Guam legislature, told the Pacific Daily News. "This is all for the right reasons, lots of families are looking for ways to keep their loved ones out of pain."
Calvo, a Republican, strongly opposed the move and said during the campaign that it raised serious legal and social questions. He could theoretically block it after being re-elected with 64 percent of the vote, but said in February he believed the people of Guam would make the right decision and that he would not stand in the way of a referendum.
Guam is an unincorporated US territory of 165,000 people. While its citizens cannot vote in US elections they have the right to work in the United States and Washington deals with issues such as foreign affairs and defence. Calvo won a second term with a convincing win over Democrat Carl Gutierrez, although the Democrats retained control of Guam's 15-seat legislature with a 9-6 majority. Calvo's campaign was boosted by a revitalised tourism industry and a construction boom generated by the impending relocation of 5,000 US Marines from Okinawa.
Date: Wed, 17 Sep 2014 09:56:36 +0200 (METDST)
WELLINGTON, Sept 17, 2014 (AFP) - A 6.7-magnitude earthquake hit off the Pacific island of Guam Wednesday, the US Geological Survey (USGS) said, but no tsunami warning was issued as the tremor was too deep. The agency initially said the quake was 7.1 magnitude, but later revised down the tremor which struck in the sea at a depth of 136 kilometres (84 miles) some 49 kilometres northwest of the US territory's capital Hagatna. "A destructive tsunami was not generated because this earthquake is located too deep inside the earth," the Pacific Tsunami Warning Centre said. Guam, the largest island in Micronesia with a population of 180,000, is no stranger to earthquakes, but tsunamis hit only rarely.
The largest quake in recent years hit in 1993. Although no one died in the 7.7-magnitude tremor, several people were injured and buildings suffered structural damage. Geoscience Australia said Wednesday's quake, which it estimated at a magnitude of 6.6, was not shallow enough to have generated a tsunami. "It gave Guam a good shake but not enough to do much damage, no damage likely," seismologist Daniel Jaksa told AFP. Jaksa added that the Guam tremor hit about three minutes after a 6.0 magnitude quake struck off the Pacific nation of Vanuatu but the two were unrelated. The Vanuatu quake, estimated at a depth of more than 200 kilometres, hit offshore about 150 kilometres north of the capital Port Vila but was not expected to trigger a tsunami. "There's nothing unusual about earthquakes in this region," he said. Vanuatu lies on the so-called "Pacific Ring of Fire", a zone of frequent seismic activity caused by friction between shifting tectonic plates.
The Department of Public Health reports there is one confirmed case of measles in Guam. The patient is a 10-month-old child who has no travel history but has been linked to visitors from Pohnpei [Federated States of Micronesia].
Measles is highly contagious; it's spread by person-to-person contact via large respiratory droplets; symptoms include a rash lasting 3 days or longer, a fever of 101 F [38 C], coughing, runny nose or red eyes. If you are planning to travel to Pohnpei, for example to attend the 8th Micronesia Games, you are urged to make sure you are vaccinated for measles. ==================== [The Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) is an independent sovereign island nation consisting of 4 states -- from west to east, Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei and Kosrae -- that are spread across the Western Pacific Ocean. Together, the states comprise around 607 islands (a combined land area of approximately 702 sq km or 271 sq miles) that cover a longitudinal distance of almost 2700 km (1678 miles) just north of the equator. They lie northeast of New Guinea, south of Guam and the Marianas, west of Nauru and the Marshall Islands, east of Palau and the Philippines, about 2900 km (1802 miles) north of eastern Australia and some 4000 km (2485 mi) southwest of the main islands of Hawaii.
While the FSM's total land area is quite small, it occupies more than 2 600 000 sq km (1 000 000 sq miles) of the Pacific Ocean. The capital is Palikir, located on Pohnpei Island, while the largest city is Weno, located in the Chuuk Atoll. Each of its 4 states is cantered around one or more main high islands, and all but Kosrae include numerous outlying atolls. The Federated States of Micronesia is spread across part of the Caroline Islands in the wider region of Micronesia, which consists of thousands of small islands divided between several countries. The term Micronesia may refer to the Federated States or to the region as a whole. A map can be accessed at: <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federated_States_of_Micronesia>. - ProMed Mod.CP]