Date: Sun 12 Mar 2017
Source: The Baltic Times [edited]
<http://m.baltictimes.com/article/jcms/id/138566/>

An emergency has been declared in Vilnius [Lithuania] after _Legionella_ bacteria were found in the water systems of several apartment buildings in the Lithuanian capital. The Emergency Commission at the Vilnius local authority stated on [Fri 10 Mar 2017] that the situation met the criteria for an emergency, Arvydas Darulis, acting director of the city's administration, told BNS [Baltic News Service].

"We have 2 deaths and a 3rd incident is still under investigation. This affects over 500 people because there are 3 buildings and it takes more than 24 hours to eliminate (the emergency situation). Based on these criteria, an emergency situation has been declared," he said. According to the official, the commission has activated an emergency operations centre to handle the emergency.

The National Public Health Service said that samples from 2 apartment blocks in the Zirmunai neighborhood, at Tuskulenu 5, and Ladygos 3, had tested positive for the bacteria that cause legionnaires' disease and samples from an apartment block in the Lazdynai neighborhood were still being tested. To date, 2 residents of these buildings have died of legionnaires' disease and a 3rd is being treated. [Byline: Donata Motuzaite]
==================
[ProMED-mail thanks Denis Green for his continued contributions. Genotyping clinical and environmental _Legionella_ isolates will help establish transmission pathways: a common source would be presumed for cases that have matching of _Legionella_ genotypes; and a source for these cases with matching genotypes would be confirmed if the clinical genotype matches an environmental genotype.

Vilnius is the capital of Lithuania and its largest city, with a population of 542,664 residents as of 2015
(<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vilnius>).

Zirmunai, where 2 apartment blocks tested positive for _Legionella_, is Vilnius's most populous administrative division, located north of central Vilnius
(<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ŽirmÅ«nai>).

Lazdynai, where buildings are still being tested, is another neighbourhood located southwest of central Vilnius
(<https://www.google.com/maps/place/Lazdynai,+Vilnius,+Lithuania>). - ProMED Mod.ML]

[A HealthMap/ProMED-mail map can be accessed at: <http://healthmap.org/promed/p/57955>.]
Date: Mon, 27 Jan 2014 19:12:44 +0100 (MET)

VILNIUS, Jan 27, 2014 (AFP) - Lithuania said Monday it plans a mass cull of its wild boars due to an outbreak of African swine fever after neighbours banned pork import from the Baltic EU state.   "The goal is to leave up to 10 percent of the current 60,000-strong (wild boar) population to prevent the virus from spreading," said Jurgita Savickaite, spokeswoman for the Food and Veterinary Service.   Non-EU neighbours Russia and Belarus banned pork products from Lithuania that are not processed thermally after the virus was detected in the country last week, she told AFP.

Lithuania's government is expected on Wednesday to officially declare a state of emergency in regions bordering Belarus, which it claims was the source of the virus.   All wild boars hunted in these regions -- all close to EU neighbour Poland  -- will be incinerated if tests show they carry the virus, which is harmless to humans but lethal to pigs and has no known cure.

Lithuania also imposed a temporary ban on the shipping of live pigs out of the affected areas, fearing the virus could spread to local farms.   Interior Minister Dailis Alfonsas Barakauskas said the government will also turn to the EU Commission asking to finance a fence along Belarus' border to prevent the movement of boars. [There is a potential risk that some of this boar meat may turn up in the human food chain. This could present a risk of exposure to infection with trichinosis. - GCF TMB Mod]
Date: Mon 27 Jan 2014
Source: The New Age [edited]
<http://www.thenewage.co.za/117340-1019-53-Mass_wild_boar_cull_in_Lithuania_as_African_swine_fever_strikes>

Lithuania said Monday [27 Jan 2014] it plans a mass cull of its wild boars due to an outbreak of African swine fever [ASF] after neighbours banned pork imports from the Baltic EU state.

"The goal is to leave up to 10 percent of the current 60,000-strong (wild boar) population to prevent the virus from spreading," said Jurgita Savickaite, spokeswoman for the Food and Veterinary Service.

Non-EU neighbours Russia and Belarus banned pork products from Lithuania that are not processed thermally after the virus was detected in the country last week, she told news sources.

Lithuania's government is expected on Wednesday [29 Jan 2014] to officially declare a state of emergency in regions bordering Belarus, which it claims was the source of the virus.

All wild boars hunted in these regions, all close to EU neighbour Poland, will be incinerated if tests show they carry the virus, which is harmless to humans but lethal to pigs and has no known cure.

Lithuania also imposed a temporary ban on the shipping of live pigs out of the affected areas, fearing the virus could spread to local farms.

Interior Minister Dailis Alfonsas Barakauskas said the government will also turn to the EU Commission asking to finance a fence along Belarus' border to prevent the movement of boars.
---------------------------------------
Communicated by:
Sabine Zentis
Castleview Pedigree English Longhorns
Gut Laach
52385 Nideggen, Germany
CVLonghorns@aol.com
=======================
[The introduction of ASF into Lithuania, with the potential of continuing its spread, was, in fact, written on the wall, since ASF spread throughout the western parts of the Russian Federation. ASF introduction into an EU Member State necessitates intra-community measures to prevent its further spread. The updated measures to be applied in such a scenario have been included in the recently (14 Jan 2014) published EC working document SANCO/7138/2013, titled: "Guidelines on surveillance and control of African swine fever in feral pigs and preventive measures for pig holdings;" see at <http://ec.europa.eu/food/animal/diseases/controlmeasures/docs/sanco_7138_2013_asf_wb_en.pdf>. - ProMed Mod.AS]

[A HealthMap/ProMED-mail map can be accessed at:
<http://healthmap.org/r/25dI>.]
Date: Fri 24 Jan 2014
Source: Delfi.lt, Baltic News Service (BNS) report [in Lithuanian, mach. trans., edited]
<http://www.delfi.lt/verslas/kaimas/lietuvoje-aptiktas-afrikinis-kiauliu-maras.d?id=63834520>

The very dangerous disease in pigs, African swine fever, has been confirmed in Lithuania, as BNS has been informed by the Veterinary Service. According to the office spokeswoman Jurgita Savickaite, the plague was detected in an analyzed boar.

The chief veterinary officer, Jonas Milius, told RTL radio that the contamination was found in the Salcininku and Varenos areas. According to him, 2 boars were found infected on the border of Alytus [county]. He expressed his view that penetration of the virus could be prevented due to the tightening of bio-security measures for several months already. He remarked that the movement of wild boars, throughout Europe, is difficult to control.
******************************************
Date: Sat 25 Jan 2014
Source: Rosselkhoznadzor [in Russian, mach. trans., edited]
<http://www.fsvps.ru/fsvps/news/8799.html>

According to information received last night [24 Jan 2014] by Rosselkhoznadzor from the Director, State Food and Veterinary Service of Lithuania, Jonas Milius, the study of pathological material from 2 boars from Alytus-Varna Shalchininskogo regions of Lithuania, the National Institute for Risk Assessment Food and Veterinary identified African swine fever [ASF] virus. In the districts at risk -- Alytus, Lazdijai, Druskininkai, Warren and Salcininkai -- anti-epizootic measures have been applied.

In addition, throughout Lithuania, increased control of pig holdings has been put into operation and active surveillance addressing ASF applied.
===================
[The news release further provides details of measures undertaken in Belarus to prevent any possible ASF contamination of pig-derived food products, as well as measures related to live pigs and their semen. For details, please refer to the full text at the source URL. - Mod AS]

In the absence of borders between EU countries and the freedom of movement of goods subject to veterinary inspection, which carry risks of proliferation of ASF, negotiations between the veterinary services of Belarus, Kazakhstan and Rosselkhoznadzor, as well as consultation with veterinary services of the European Union on the feasibility of introducing temporary restrictions on the supply of such products in the territory of the Customs Union with the whole territory of the European Union, are expected soon.

In accordance with the legislation of the Customs Union on biological protection of its territory, Rosselhoznadzor joins the restrictive measures proposed by the veterinary service of Belarus.
------------------------------------------
Communicated by:
Sabine Zentis
Gut Laach 52385 Nideggen
Germany
cvlonghorns@aol.com
========================
[An official notification to the OIE on the 1st occurrence of ASF in Lithuania is expected early next week (week of 26 Jan 2014). Further spread of ASF, mainly by means of wild boars, into other parts of Europe is a matter of grave concern.

Subscribers are referred to FAO's 2012 document "African Swine Fever (ASF) recent developments -- timely updates" at
<http://www.fao.org/docrep/016/ap372e/ap372e.pdf>.

A map, showing the (very) high density of wild boars in Europe, is available in figure 4b (page 5) of the said useful review. - ProMed Mod.AS]

[A HealthMap/ProMED-mail map can be accessed at:
<http://healthmap.org/r/9NLt>.]
Date: Thu, 6 Jan 2011 19:00:32 +0100 (MET)

VILNIUS, Jan 6, 2011 (AFP) - Health authorities in Lithuania on Thursday said two people had died after being infected with the H1N1 virus in the country's first swine flu-linked deaths.   The victims were identified as an elderly woman and a 27-year-old-man, the Lithuanian Centre for AIDS and Infectious Diseases said.   The World Health Organisation declared the swine flu pandemic over in August, more than a year after the virus that emerged from Mexico sparked panic and killed thousands of people around the world before fizzling out.
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