Date: 21 Dec 2015
Source: izvestia.ru, 19 Dec 2015 [in Russian; trans. ProMed VM, edited]
<http://izvestia.ru/news/599873>

3 teams were affected by a viral epidemic at the 3rd stage of the [Biathlon] World Cup in the Slovenian city of Pokljuka [in the Gorenjska statistical region]. Teams of athletes from Belarussia, Austria and Canada who were staying in the same hotel experienced serious health problems and did not take part in the competition.

On the eve of the Belarusian biathlon, one competitor was hospitalized in Ljubljana, and later another was hospitalized with gastrointestinal symptoms. Minor ailments were also experienced by a 3rd athlete.

During the race a Canadian athlete became ill, fainted and fell on a downhill track.

Almost the entire Austrian national team was affected by the unknown virus. According to team doctor Burchart Huber, the true reason is not clear. "However, the most likely culprit is an airborne virus."  [Submitted by Nilufar Rakhmanova nilurakh@gmail.com]
======================
[Comment: While there is no official information, some sort of enterovirus may be affecting sportsmen in Slovenia. This could be rotavirus, norovirus, enterovirus, or other viral agents, transmitted via the faecal-oral or droplet route. - ProMed Corr.VM.]

Acute gastroenteritis is one of the most common diseases in humans. You are most likely to contract viral gastroenteritis when you eat or drink contaminated food or water, or if you share utensils, towels or food with someone who is infected. A number of viruses can cause gastroenteritis, including:

- Noroviruses. Both children and adults are affected by noroviruses, the most common cause of foodborne illness worldwide. Norovirus infection can sweep through families and communities. It's especially likely to spread among people in confined spaces. In most cases, you pick up the virus from contaminated food or water, although person-to-person transmission also is possible.

- Rotavirus. Worldwide, this is the most common cause of viral gastroenteritis in children, who are usually infected when they put their fingers or other objects contaminated with the virus into their mouths. The infection is most severe in infants and young children.

Adults infected with rotavirus may not have symptoms, but can still spread the illness -- of particular concern in institutional settings because infected adults unknowingly can pass the virus to others. A vaccine against viral gastroenteritis is available in some countries, including the United States, and appears to be effective in preventing the infection.

Excerpted from
<http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/viral-gastroenteritis/basics/causes/con-20019350>.

Other possible causes of acute gastroenteritis include astrovirus, calicivirus and enteric adenovirus; and less commonly toroviruses, coronaviruses, picobirnaviruses and pestiviruses, which are increasingly being identified as causative agents of diarrhoea.

Any additional information would be appreciated. - ProMed Mod.LK]

[A HealthMap/ProMED-mail map can be accessed at:
<http://healthmap.org/promed/p/115>.]
Date: Thu, 28 May 2015 09:50:53 +0200 (METDST)

Ljubljana, May 28, 2015 (AFP) - Doctors in Slovenia began a 24-hour strike on Thursday demanding a 40 percent wage hike.   The medical FIDES union has called for a gradual increase in doctors' salaries to a level that would be triple the eurozone country's average net salary -- currently around 1,000 euros ($1,090).

Health Minister Milojka Kolar Celarc, however, rejected the protest as "blackmail", arguing that plans for negotiations were already underway.   Slovenia, a nation of two million, has been struggling to recover from a deep financial crisis, during which it narrowly avoided a bailout in 2013.
Date: Fri 28 Nov 2014
Source: Novica, Environment, Health & Science [edited]
<http://www.sta.si/en/vest.php?s=a&id=2077286>

A measles outbreak was declared in Slovenia on Thursday [27 Nov 2014] after 5 out of 11 suspected cases had been confirmed by laboratory tests.

The patients are suspected to have contracted the virus at a recent dog show.
=======================
[Although human measles and canine distemper are caused by closely related viruses, there is no evidence that cross infection has ever occurred naturally. - ProMED Mod.CP]

[A ProMED HealthMap for Slovenia can be accessed at
<http://healthmap.org/promed/p/115>.]
Date: Sat, 13 Sep 2014 20:38:32 +0200 (METDST)

LJUBLJANA, Sept 13, 2014 (AFP) - A 17-year-old woman was killed and a man was missing after floods caused by heavy rains swept away a vehicle in northeast Slovenia, authorities said Saturday.   The incident happened in Vransko, some 50 kilometres (30 miles) northeast of the capital Ljubljana, where flash floods eroded a road and swept away a van with two passengers inside, police said.   Flooding hit much of eastern and south-central Slovenia over the weekend, particularly in the areas surrounding the Krka and Sava rivers, as well as smaller tributaries, in the region bordering Croatia.   Hundreds of houses and buildings in affected areas were flooded and roads closed, local media reported.
Date: Sat Aug 30 2014
Source: Slovenian Press Agency [edited]
<http://www.sta.si/en/vest.php?s=a&amp;amp;id=2044987>

A 55-year-old woman from Murska Sobota has tested positive for human babesiosis in what is the 1st proven case [in Slovenia] of this rare tick-borne parasitic disease, which, in severe cases, has symptoms similar to malaria.
=====================
[_Babesia_ spp. cause zoonotic infections, and are occasionally transmitted to humans by ticks. Babesia in animals have been found all over Europe, and Slovenia is no exception.

A recent review summarizes what is known about the reservoirs (Yabsley MJ, Shock BC. Natural history of Zoonotic Babesia: Role of wildlife reservoirs. Int J Parasitol Parasites Wildl. 2012;2:18-31). Another review summarizes the clinical picture in humans and management of the infection (Hildebrandt A1, Gray JS, Hunfeld KP. Human babesiosis in Europe: what clinicians need to know. Infection. 2013;41:1057-72). - ProMed Mod.EP]

[Diagram of Babesia life cycle:
<http://web.stanford.edu/class/humbio103/ParaSites2006/Babesiosis/Images/Babesia_LifeCycle.gif> - ProMed Mod.JW]

[A HealthMap/ProMED-mail map can be accessed at:
<http://healthmap.org/promed/p/115>.]
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