Date: 29 May 2019
Source: Fox News [edited]
A New Hampshire man required treatment for rabies after a bat reportedly hiding in his iPad case snuck out and bit him last week; and now he hopes his ordeal will help educate others about the dangerous disease. The 86 year old man said he had been using his tablet for about an hour before the critter popped its head out and nipped him.
"It felt like a little bee sting," he told WMUR.com. "And I looked, and the bat was coming out of here, between the cover and the back of the pad. And then I got up, still squeezing it, which I'm sure he wasn't happy about, and I took him outside." [byline: Alexandria Hein]
[These articles should prove rabies virus can be harbored in many animals, both domestic and wild. The 2nd article gives some excellent advice: Vaccinate your pets against rabies. Keep the vaccine up to date.
All domestic animals, including dogs, cats, horses, cattle, and other livestock such as sheep and goats need a vaccination against rabies. If humans have any contact, however limited, with animals, then the animal needs a rabies vaccine to protect the animal and the person.
While there are procedures for human beings having been bitten by a rabid animal, or a suspected rabid animal who cannot be tested, these same protocols are slightly different for exposed animals.
Human beings need to have the wound cleaned and dressed. An individual will likely need to receive post exposure prophylaxis. For people who have never been vaccinated against rabies previously, post-exposure anti-rabies vaccination should always include administration of both passive antibody and vaccine. The combination of human rabies immune globulin (HRIG) and vaccine is recommended for both bite and non-bite exposures, regardless of the interval between exposure and initiation of treatment. People who have been previously vaccinated or are receiving pre-exposure vaccination for rabies should receive only vaccine.
Adverse reactions to rabies vaccine and immune globulin are not common. Newer vaccines in use today cause fewer adverse reactions than previously available vaccines. Mild, local reactions to the rabies vaccine, such as pain, redness, swelling, or itching at the injection site, have been reported. Rarely, symptoms such as headache, nausea, abdominal pain, muscle aches, and dizziness have been reported. Local pain and low-grade fever may follow injection of rabies immune globulin.
The vaccine should be given at recommended intervals for best results. Talk with your doctor or state or local public health officials if you will not be able to have the shot at the recommended interval. Rabies prevention is a serious matter, and changes should not be made in the schedule of doses.
People cannot transmit rabies to other people unless they themselves are sick with rabies. The prophylaxis you are receiving will protect you from developing rabies, and, therefore, you cannot expose other people to rabies. You should continue to participate in your normal activities.
Rabies post-exposure prophylaxis consists of a dose of human rabies immune globulin and rabies vaccine given on the day of the exposure, and then a dose of vaccine given again on days 3, 7, and 14.
If a person has previously received post-exposure vaccinations or received pre-exposure vaccinations, only 2 doses of vaccine (on the day of exposure and then 3 days later) are needed. Human rabies immune globulin is not required. Your doctor and local health department will be able to guide you through the process; <https://www.cdc.gov/rabies/medical_care/index.html
However, animals who have been vaccinated will need their wounds cleaned and cared for. They will be re-vaccinated and, depending upon the specific state, are likely to be quarantined for a period of time. If the bitten animal has not been vaccinated, the animal is likely to be euthanized, as it presents a risk of rabies to its owners.
The lesson is to keep your animals vaccinated. Check with your veterinarian regarding your state and county law on frequency of vaccination for your pets. Pets include dogs, cats, horses, cattle, and other animals you have contact with. - ProMED Mod.TG]
[HealthMap/ProMED maps available at: